Krishna Denta Cure
Root Canal Treatment
BEST DENTAL HOSPITAL IN RAJAHMUNDRY
But, how many of us really know and understand what a root canal is how and why a RCT is performed?
RCT is a multi-step procedure that involves:
- Removal of the infected and inflamed pulp
- Cleaning the root canals and disinfecting them
- Filling the canals with an inert material and sealing them
- A post root canal crown or cap
- Teeth with deep decay
- Broken or cracked teeth
- Teeth with gum diseases
- Failed dental fillings
- Teeth that have suffered a trauma
Sensitivity: In normal cases, the enamel layer covers the inner two layers and we therefore, do not experience any sensitivity. However, when the dentin and pulp layers are exposed, you might experience increased sensitivity to air, hot foods, sour foods and sweet foods.
In many cases, the tooth pain might be mild and most patients tend to ignore it. However, even though the pain subsides, the infection can still spread to tissues around the decayed tooth, resulting in a swelling.
What should you know about pulp and RCT?
One must first understand the anatomy of a tooth for understanding RCT. Outer enamel layer encloses hard layer called dentin and soft tissue pulp. Pulp is the soft tissue that contains blood vessels and nerves. Pulp is housed within the pulp chamber and root canals of a tooth. In RCT , pulp along with its nerve supply is removed. However, a tooth’s nerve is not vitally important to a tooth’s health and function as its only function is sensory i.e. to provide the sensation of heat or cold. The presence or absence of a nerve will not affect the day-to-day functioning of the tooth. However, after treatment the tooth is less viable and thus more susceptible to fracture.
Is a tooth dead after this treatment?
What happens during RCT?
Isolation: After that, the dentist might isolate this tooth with rubber dam or cotton rolls to keep it clean and dry during the procedure.
Access Opening: A dental handpiece will then be used to gain access to the inside of tooth ( pulp chamber). The root canals will be located and working length will be determined with help of 8 or 10 endodontic K – files.
Biochemical Preparation and Irrigation: A series of files are used to clear the pulp debris and shape the canals. Along with it, irrigation will be done to wash away any remaining pulp. An antimicrobial solution is also used to kill any remaining bacteria and reduce the risk for further infection.
Obturation: The canals are then filled and sealed with a rubber-like biocompatible material called gutta percha. The opening in the tooth may be closed with a filling, while you wait for the permanent crown.